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  • Mercer, Jean, author.
  • Child development.
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  •  Thinking critically ...
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    Thinking critically about child development : examining myths and misunderstandings / Jean Mercer, Stockton University, Stephen D. A. Hupp, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, Jeremy Jewell, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville.
    by Mercer, Jean, author.
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    Thousand Oaks, California : SAGE Publications, Incorporated, [2020]
  • Child development.
  • ISBN: 
    9781544341934 (paperback)
    1544341938 (paperback)
    9781544341910 (ePub ebook)
    xxxviii, 447 pages ; 23 cm
    Fourth Edition.
    Part I. Genetics and prenatal life: -- Genetic factors plays such a strong role in human development that genes alone can determine certain human behavioral characteristics -- Although prematurely born babies are smaller than most and may need special medical care, the babies and their parents instinctively know how to interact with each other -- If a child's problem is genetically caused, the problem will be present at birth and will stay the same throughout life -- Unborn babies are not influenced much by the environment outside the mother's body -- As the date when her child will be born gets closer, a mother-to-be needs to be more careful about alcohol and drugs because the risk of birth defects increases through pregnancy -- Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) offer reliable ways for couples to have healthy children in spite of fertility problems -- Genetic relationships are a powerful factor in social and emotional interactions, so people recognize and are attracted to blood relatives even if they have never met them before -- Babies work hard to be born -- When a baby has genetic problems, there are no pre- or postnatal methods for treatment -- Except for their reproductive organs, there are no differences between boy and girl babies before or soon after birth. Gender differences occur as a result of different experiences for boys and girls --
    Part II. Infants and toddlers: -- There are ideal natural ways for human beings to give birth and to care for young babies, and methods that are too different from the natural ways are not desirable -- Parents need to have contact with their babies right after birth so that they can bond with them -- Babies are born with emotional attachments to their mothers and can recognize their mothers at once -- When mothers of young babies are depressed, the problem is caused by the change in hormones they experience after the birth -- It's been proved that it's always better for parentless children to be placed in foster care rather than in orphanages or other institutions -- A baby's sleeping position can cause or prevent sudden infant death syndrome -- The benefits of bed sharing with an infant outweigh the risks -- Parents should not talk baby talk to their children because it slows their language development -- Being exposed to two different languages is confusing for babies and interferes with normal language development -- Babies and toddler benefit a great deal from being taught sign language -- It's a problem, and possibly means autism, if babies don't make eye contact in the first few weeks of life -- It's harmful to preschoolers' psychological development if they make overnight visits to estranged parents -- Toddlers drop food on the floor because they want to make their parents angry -- It is important for parents to work with babies and teach them how to walk -- It is a good thing for an infant to have experience with many caregivers, not just one or two -- Screen devices provide excellent resources for encouraging infants' and toddlers' mental development -- Using cellphone is an important skill for children growing up today, and beginning early is the best way to ensure good development and ability to use electronics -- People who were abused as children are likely to abuse their own children --
    Part III. Preschoolers: -- Having kids listen to Mozart makes them smart -- The time between birth and age 3 years is the most important period of development and learning in a person's life -- Children need to hear frequent praise in order to be motivated toward work and achievement -- Children need to develop basic trust and show it by their confidence in other people -- If a child is able to complete a task with an adult present, he or she is also able to do it alone -- Preschools who hold their breath when angry are truing to upset their parents and get their own way -- Vaccine and heavy metals cause autism -- Autism rates are rising rapidly, especially in certain parts of the country, so something must be happening to cause more cases of this serious developmental problem -- Preschool children who lie are developing along dangerous lines and need to be corrected severely in order to stop this bad behavior -- Preschoolers who try to bargain with their parents really want to manipulate and control adults, and they should not be allowed to negotiate -- A young child can tell when someone is just teasing -- Children with attachment disorders must be treated very sternly and differently from typically developing children-even in ways that are ordinarily considered abusive -- Spanking should never be used to discipline a child because it is ineffective and causes children to model the aggression they experience -- Time-out is harmful to children -- When young children have traumatic experiences, their reactions are much like those of traumatized adults -- Serious mental illness and criminal behavior are caused by traumatic experiences in early childhood --
    Part IV. School-age children: -- Girls who get their first period early are also likely to mature quickly in other ways -- Children have different leaning styles, depending on whether they are left brained or right brained -- It's healthy for children to be a little on the chubby side -- Birth order is an important factor that determines children's intelligence and personality -- When a child is mentally ill, any psychological treatment is better than no treatment -- Bullying is a natural behavior for children, and there's nothing you can do to stop it -- Sugar is a major cause of hyperactive behavior -- Adopted children have many more social and emotional developmental problems than do nonadopted children -- Adopted children usually turn out to be a lot like the parents who adopt them -- If a child is sexually molested, he or she will probably repress the memory -- Children raised by same-sex couples are disadvantaged compared to other children --
    Part V. Adolescents: -- Regular experience of shared family meals is critical for children's academic and behavioral development -- Self-help websites are useful resources for teens with eating disorders -- Children are more likely to become delinquent if their fathers are absent or uninvolved -- Violent television programs and video games caused increased aggressive behavior -- If parents are not strict enough, children will behave badly and may become criminals -- High self-esteem make children perform better in school -- Single-sex schools give better outcomes of academic achievement than do coeducational schools -- The DARE program is an effective way to prevent children and adolescents from dealing or using drugs -- Texting and driving is a bigger problem for teenagers than any other age group -- Children and adolescents learn bad behavior from their peers -- Young teenagers should be tried and sentenced as adults if they commit serious crimes -- Punishment is an effective way to change children's and adolescents' undesirable behaviors -- Children are reaching puberty earlier with each generation -- Adolescent sexual activity is increasing -- Psychological treatments like "conversion therapy" can change a person's same-sex orientation to a heterosexual orientation -- LGBT teenagers are more likely to commit suicide than other people -- Adolescents are more likely to have sex when they learn about contraception -- Adolescence comes to an end when teens turn 18.
    With a unique focus on inquiry, "Thinking Critically About Child Development" presents 74 claims related to child development for readers to examine and think through critically. Author Jean Mercer and new coauthors Stephen Hupp and Jeremy Jewell use anecdotes to illustrate common errors of critical thinking and encourage students to consider evidence and logic relevant to everyday beliefs. New material in the Fourth Edition covers adolescence, adverse childhood experiences, genetics, LGBT issues for both parents and children, and other issues about sexuality, keeping readers up to date on the latest scholarship in the field. (Publisher)
    General Note: 
    Revised edition of Thinking critically about child development, [2016].
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